Zimbabwe / Malawi / Uganda / Kenya
Product: Bird’s Eye Chillies
Latin Name: Capsicum frutescens
Plant Family: Solanaceae
Other Names: Birdseye Chili, Boonie Pepper, Piment-Oiseau, Chili Padi, Cabe Rawit, Thai Dragon, Prik I Noo Suan, Prig Kee Nu & Thai Chili Pepper.
Description: Bird’s Eye Chillies come from a short lived perennial bushy herb that is a cultivar of the Capsicum frutescens species of chili peppers. They are native to South East Asia but are cultivated all over the temperate world especially in Africa and India. In colder climates they are treated as an annual plant. They grow to a height of 2 metres and have a bushy habit; the leaves are oblong-ovate to ovate-lanceolate in shape, 3- 10cm in length and medium green in colour. The flowers appear in clusters or singularly dependant on the cultivar and are greenish-white to yellowish-green in colour, stalked and 8-9mm in diameter. Flowers give rise to fruits which are elliptically conical to lanceoloid in shape and 10-50mm in length, initially yellowish green ripening to red.
Interesting Fact: Did you know that chillies have a measurement dedicated to telling the consumer just how pungent the chilli is? Known as Scoville Units, which measure the amount of capsaicin present in the chilli, with a SUH of 50,000-100,000 bird’s eye chillies are medium hot on the scale. A mild SUH of 100-900 is given to Pimento peppers and the ‘Trinidad Moruga Scorpion’ chilli registers the hottest SUH between 1,500,00-2,000,00.
Ingredients: Dried pods of red chilli, Capsicum Frutescens
Allergy Advice: Bird’s Eye Chilli’s contain a naturally occurring source of salicylates and is best avoided by people eating a salicylate free diet.
SUGGESTED USEBird’s eye chillies are used in the cuisines of Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, and the Philippines, they are small but packed with heat and flavour, so only use them if you like spicy and hot flavours! Add to sauces, soups, stews, curries such as Red Thai curry, stir fries, pickles and relishes.
Shelf life of two years provided that goods are stored in an airtight container in ambient conditions.
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