Latin Name: Haematoxylum campechianum
Plant Family: Fabaceae
Other Names: Peachwood, Bois de Campechey de Sang or d'Inde, Bloodwood, Palo de Tinto, Palo de Campeche & Campeche.
Description: Logwood is a small, spiny, deciduous, shrubby tree native to South America and now naturalised in the West Indies which can grow between 6-15 metres in height. The pinnate pale green leaves consist of several pairs of heart-shaped leaflets. The 5 petaled flowers rise in panicles and in bud are pink, turning yellow when they open out. The heartwood is the source of the brilliant red dye hematoxylin.
Brief History: Logwood was discovered growing in the Yucatan peninsula by the Spanish, and became known as logwood. By the late 16th century Spanish ships were exporting large cargoes of the valuable heartwood from the Yucatan coast. It was grown as a cash crop for export, merchant ships travelling to England in the 16th century carried cargoes of the wood valued at between £1000 -£1,500 per year. The tree was introduced into Jamaica circa in 1715 and has been grown in England since 1730.
SUGGESTED USEThe reddish heartwood of the tree can be used to produce black, grey, violet and red natural dyes for making ink and pigments. The dye obtained is affected by the environmental conditions of the soil its grown in a red dye is obtained from acidic soils, blue dye from alkali soils.
Shelf life of two years provided that goods are stored in an airtight container in ambient conditions.
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